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Grade 4 - English Language
2.41 Types of Sentences

A group of words that makes complete sense is called a sentence.
Examples:
color blue favorite is My. (It makes no sense, therefore it is not a sentence.)
My favorite color is blue. (It makes complete sense, therefore it is a sentence.)

There are four kinds of sentences:
1. Assertive or declarative sentence (a statement)
2. Imperative sentence (a command)
3. Interrogative sentence (a question)
4. Exclamatory sentence (an exclamation)

1. An assertive sentence is a sentence that states a fact. Such sentences are simple statements. They state, assert or declare something.
Examples:
Jan is a student. She lives in a big city.

2. Imperative sentence is a sentence which gives command, makes a request, or express a wish.
Examples:
Go to your room. (an order)
Please lend me your book. (a request)
Have a good time at the picnic. (a wish)

3. Exclamatory sentence is a sentence which expresses sudden and strong feelings, such as surprise, wonder, pity, sympathy, happiness or gratitude.
Example:
What a shame!

4. Interrogative sentence: A sentence that asks a question is called an interrogative sentence.
Examples:
What is your name? Where do you live?


Directions: Select the type of sentence shown in each question. Describe the different types of sentences in your own words and give examples for each. As a homework, read a book and find at least five examples for each type of sentence.
Q 1: How do you make lemonade?
declarative
exclamatory
imperative
interrogative

Q 2: Wow! Those fireworks are beautiful!
imperative
declarative
interrogative
exclamatory

Q 3: Jasmine wore a very pretty dress today.
exclamatory
declarative
imperative
interrogative

Q 4: Go to your room now.
imperative
exclamatory
declarative
interrogative

Q 5: Is Adam coming to school today?
imperative
exclamatory
declarative
interrogative

Q 6: I need a new notebook.
exclamatory
imperative
interrogative
declarative

Q 7: Why do you always ask me questions?
imperative
declarative
interrogative
exclamatory

Q 8: Hurry! here comes the school bus!
imperative
interrogative
exclamatory
declarative

Question 9: This question is available to subscribers only!

Question 10: This question is available to subscribers only!


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