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Grade 5 - English Language
4.6 Figurative Language - Metaphors

Writers use many techniques to make their writing interesting to read. One of these techniques is to use what is called figurative language, which is a special way of using words. There are four common types of figurative language. These are the simile, metaphor, personification, and hyperbole.


A metaphor makes a direct comparison between two unlike things. A noun must be used in the comparison. The words 'like' and 'as' are NOT used.

For example,
After using this fertilizer, your lawn will be a green carpet.

Directions: Answer the following questions. Also, write a short essay on any topic that you can think of. Use at least five metaphors in your writing and underline them. As a homework, read a book and find examples of metaphors.
Q 1: Select a sentence that has a metaphor.
Human body is a complex machine.
Human body is as complex as a machine.

Q 2: Select a sentence that has a metaphor.
The salesman was bad.
The salesman was a shark.

Q 3: Select a sentence that has a metaphor.
At work, he is a lion; and at home, he is a cat!
At work, he is strong and aggressive, but at home is very meek.

Q 4: Select a sentence that has a metaphor.
Wow, your home is as big as a palace!
Wow, your home is a palace!

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