|A cause is a person, event, condition, or reason that is responsible for an action or result. An effect is a result brought about by a cause or an agent.
Cause & effect paragraphs generally follow the basic paragraph format. That is, they begin with a topic sentence and this sentence is followed by specific supporting details. For example, if the topic sentence introduces an effect, the supporting sentences all describe causes.
Sometimes, the cause and effect are described in a single sentence joined by a conjunction such as: since, as a result, because of, because, therefore, due to, consequently, for this reason, so
Directions: Identify if the underlined phrase is a cause or an effect.