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Online Quiz (Worksheet A B C D)

Questions Per Quiz = 2 4 6 8 10

Grade 5 - English Language
3.13 Main Idea

A paragraph is a group of sentences about one main idea. Paragraphs usually have two types of sentences:

- a topic sentence, which contains the main idea, and
- supporting sentences which support, prove, provide more information, explain, or give examples.

Rules for Finding the Topic Sentence and the Main Idea

1. The topic sentence is usually first, but could be in any position in the paragraph.

2. A topic sentence is usually more "general" than the other sentences, that is, it talks about many things and looks at the big picture. Sometimes it refers to more that one thing. Plurals and the words "many", "numerous", or "several" often signal a topic sentence.

3. Supporting or detail sentences are usually more "specific" than the topic sentence, i.e., they usually talk about one single or small part or side of an idea. Also, the words "for example", "i.e.", "that is", "first", "second", "third", etc., and "finally" often signal a detail.

4. Most of the detail sentences support, give examples, prove, talk about, or point toward the topic in some way.

How can you be sure that you have a topic sentence? Try this trick:

- Restate the sentence into a question. If the other sentences seem to "answer" the question, then your sentence is the topic sentence!


Directions: Find the main ideas of the following paragraphs. As a homework, read a book and write the main ideas from at least ten paragraphs.
Q 1: Our breakfast is usually a cereal. Having cereals for breakfast is good for you. Cereals are made of grains that are very nutritious. They also provide essential vitamins and minerals.
Having cereals for breakfast is good for you.
They also provide essential vitamins and minerals.
Our breakfast is usually a cereal.
Cereals are made of grains that are very nutritious.

Q 2: I have been wearing these shoes for more than a year now. They are worn out and dirty. I think a need a new pair of shoes. I wish I could buy the new shoes I saw on T.V.
I think a need a new pair of shoes.
They are worn out and dirty.
I have been wearing these shoes for more than a year now.
I wish I could buy the new shoes I saw on T.V.

Q 3: Susan has a beautiful doll. Her dad gave that doll to her for her birthday. She loves to cuddle it and play with it. She even has a name for her doll, Susie.
Susan has a beautiful doll.
She even has a name for her doll, Susie.
She loves to cuddle it and play with it.
Her dad gave that doll to her for her birthday.

Q 4: Our trip to the movies this weekend was a disaster. First, our car had a flat tire on the way. We went late to the cinema hall. The popcorn that we bought there was cold and tasteless.
The popcorn that we bought there was cold and tasteless.
First, our car had a flat tire on the way.
We went late to the cinema hall.
Our trip to the movies this weekend was a disaster.

Question 5: This question is available to subscribers only!

Question 6: This question is available to subscribers only!


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