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Grade 4 - English Language
2.11 Punctuation - Commas with Additional Information and Opposites

Commas with Additional Information

Use a comma if the additional information is not part of the main statement.
Example:
Thank you, ladies and gentlemen, for giving me the opportunity to speak to you today.

Use a comma in relative clauses before who and which if the information is not essential for the understanding of the sentence.
Example:
Her brother, who lives in Chicago, came to see her.

Donít use a comma in relative clauses if the information is essential for the understanding of the sentence.
Example:
Her brother who lives in Chicago came to see her.

Donít use a comma if the relative clause starts with that.
Example:
The book that Iím reading now is interesting.

Commas with Opposites

Use a comma with opposites, even if they are separated by and or but.
Example:
It was the father, and not the son, who went to the disco every Friday.

Directions: Select the correctly punctuated sentence in each question. Write five more examples each for using commas for additional information and commas with opposites. As a homework, read a book and find sentences in which commas were used for additional information or with opposites.
Q 1: Select the correctly punctuated sentence.
He likes cats, but not dogs.
He likes cats but, not dogs.

Q 2: Select the correctly punctuated sentence.
It was his father, and not his mother, who baked the cookies.
It was his father and not his mother who baked the cookies.

Q 3: Select the correctly punctuated sentence.
My name is Ron not Ronald.
My name is Ron, not Ronald.

Q 4: Select the correctly punctuated sentence.
He likes pasta, but not rice.
He likes pasta but, not rice.

Q 5: Select the correctly punctuated sentence.
My name is Sean, not John.
My name, is Sean not John.

Q 6: Select the correctly punctuated sentence.
She is not from Boston but, from New York.
She is not from Boston, but from New York.

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Question 8: This question is available to subscribers only!


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