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Online Quiz (Worksheet A B C D)

Questions Per Quiz = 2 4 6 8 10

Grade 7 English
1.2 Word Roots

Do you know what 'desultory' means? To understand this word, it helps you to know what the root word of 'desultory' is.

A root or base word is the word that is left after you take off any prefixes and suffixes in the word. A root word cannot stand on its own, whereas a base word can stand on its own.

The root word in 'desultory' is 'sult'. 'Sult' means to to jump or leap. Sault, sil, and sal are variations of the same root word 'sult'. They all mean the same thing, jump or leap.

Here are a few examples of words derived from the root words sil, sal, sault, and sult:

Insult - To jump on someone (with words), i.e., offend someone with words
Assault - To jump onto someone with the intention of hurting them, i.e., a violent physical or verbal attack.
Somersault - To flip and jump, i.e., jump over the head
Desultory - Moving or jumping from one thing to another thing, disconnected
Resilient - To jump again, i.e., the ability to recover readily from failures
Exultant - So happy that you are jumping out of your skin, i.e., showing great joy, i.e., strikingly visible, prominent
Salient - Something so interesting that it jumps at you!

Directions: Find the meanings of the words given in the questions. After you check your answers, use each word in a sentence. As a homework, find at least three more root words and words derived from them. Write the words, their roots, definitions, parts of speech, and example sentences on a sheet paper. Discuss your work at the next class.
Q 1: assault (to jump on)
a physical attack
to go up and down
to flip

Q 2: desultory
moving or jumping from one thing to another
to flip
to jump on someone

Q 3: somersault
To jump again (figuratively)
Something jumps at you (figuratively)
to flip

Q 4: salient (something that jumps out so that it is easily noticed)
to flip
to be very happy

Q 5: insult (to jump on someone, figuratively)
speak to rudely
to flip

Q 6: exultant (you are so happy that you are jumping out of your skin)
to tlip
joyful and proud
to rebound

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