Directions: Read the following description of how baseball is played, answer the questions, and then write in your own words the steps involved in playing baseball. As a homework, find out about any other sport and write the steps involved in playing it.
Baseball is played between two teams of nine players each. The teams take turns at bat and in the field. At the start of the game, the home team is in the field, with all nine players on the field at once, while players on the visiting team come to bat one at a time.
A batter follows through after swinging at a pitched ball.The basic contest is always between the pitcher for the fielding team, and a batter. The pitcher throws, or pitches, the ball towards home plate, where the catcher for the fielding team waits to receive it. The batter stands in one of the batter's boxes and tries to hit the ball with a bat. The catcher's job is to catch any ball that the batter misses or does not swing at.
The goal of each batter is to help his team win by enabling baserunners to score, or by becoming a baserunner himself and advancing to first, second, third, and then home base, thus scoring a run. In general, the pitcher attempts to prevent this by pitching the ball in such a way that the batter cannot hit it cleanly. The batter attempts to hit the ball into fair territory of the field—a fair ball—so that the players of the defending team cannot catch it before it touches the ground. If he succeeds in this, the batter becomes a baserunner and must run to first base; if the ball is caught before it touches the ground, the batter is out. A batted ball is called a fly ball if it was hit in a way causing the fielder to catch it on its descent, or a line drive if it was hit directly at the fielder. A batted ball which is not hit into the air, and which touches the ground within the infield before it can be caught, is called a ground ball.
Additionally, the defending players can throw the ball to first base in an effort to "throw the runner out"; if the ball is caught by a fielder touching the base before the runner touches the base, the runner is out. As a baserunner, the objective is to advance to and touch each base in order, usually through a series of plays, and finally touch home plate. The defending team, in the meantime, tries to tag any runner with the ball at a time when the runner is not touching any base. If they do this, the baserunner is out and must leave the field. After the fielding team has put out three players on the team at bat, the half-inning is over and the team in the field and the team at bat switch places.
The bases are places of safety, and a runner touching a base cannot be tagged out. Only one runner may occupy a base at a time. If first base is occupied when a batter hits the ball, that runner is required to attempt an advance to the next base. This forced runner may in turn force other runners if the subsequent bases are occupied. The defending team may also record an out by throwing the ball to the next base before such a displaced baserunner reaches it without having to touch the runner with the ball; the runner is out as soon as the base is touched. This is known as a force out or force play.
A baserunner who successfully touches home plate scores a run. In an enclosed field, a fair ball hit over the fence is normally an automatic home run, which entitles the batter and all runners to touch all the bases and score. The team with the most runs at the end of the game is the winner.