Math Word Problems - GED, PSAT, SAT, ACT, GRE Preparation 1.15 Translating Verbal Statements into Algebraic Expressions

Word Phrases

Algebraic expressions

The sum of x and 5
x plus 5
x increased by 5
5 added to x
5 more than x

x + 5

The difference of y and 9
y minus 9
y less 9
y decreased by 9
9 less than y
subtract 9 from y

y - 9

The product of 3 and t
3 times t
t multiplied by 3

3t

The quotient of u and 7
u divided by 7
7 divided into u

u/7

Directions: Select the algebraic expression for the following. Also write at least five examples of each of your own.

Q 1: Choose the expression that means the difference between 11 and the number b. 11 - b 11 / b 11 + b b - 11

Q 2: Mary scored x points in a game. Her friend Anna scored 5 points less than her. Which expression describes Anna's score? 5x x + 5 x / 5 x - 5

Q 3: What does (x + y) mean? the difference between a number x and a number y x is greater than y the product of x and y the sum of a number x and a number y

Q 4: Which expression means x more than number 13? x / 13 (x - 13) x + 13 13 - x

Q 5: The expression 1.5 + x means: 1.5 decreased by x 1.5 less than x 1.5 increased by x the product of 1.5 and x

Q 6: If x is a positive number, which expression is greater, x + 12 or x + 17? x + 12 x + 17 neither depends on the value of x

Q 7: 2x + 3x + x is same as: 7x 4x 6x 5x

Q 8: Choose the expression that means 3 fewer than number m. m / 3 m + 3 m x 3 m - 3

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