|The Moon is the only natural satellite of the Earth. It is about 238,900 miles away from the Earth. It is the second brightest object in the sky after the Sun. It does not give off its own light, but reflects the sunlight.
Most planets are named for Roman gods but moons are named for Greek gods. Moon is also called Luna by the Romans, Selene and Artemis by the Greeks, and many other names in other mythologies.
The Moon orbits around the Earth once per month. The angle between the Earth, the Moon and the Sun changes; we see this as the cycle of the Moon's phases.
The Moon was first visited by the Soviet spacecraft Luna 2 in 1959. The Moon is believed to be 4.6 billion years old, which is the same age as the Earth. The Moon has no atmosphere or water.
The Moon is comprised of a rocky material that is heavily scarred with craters from meteorite impacts. The moon is composed of a core, partially molten mantle, and a crust.
The gravitational forces between the Earth and the Moon effect the level of the ocean tides, causing the Earth to have two high tides per day.
The Moon has been visited by several spacecrafts since 1959. The first Moon landing was made by Apollo 11, on July 20, 1969. Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin were the first human beings to walk on an extraterrestrial body. The Moon is the only extraterrestrial body that has ever been visited by humans and is also the only body from which samples were brought to Earth.
The moon is about one quarter the size of Earth and it has about one-sixth of the Earth's gravity. It is made up of rock and dust. There is no air or life on the moon that we know of. There is no wind or weather on the moon. The footprints left there by the Apollo astronauts will remain there for many years because of this.
Directions: Answer the following questions. Write about the moon in your own words.