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Grade 2 - Mathematics
1.5 Special Math Words

Method:
  1. When we add two numbers we form a sum.
  2. The numbers that are added are called addends.
  3. When we subtract one number from the other we get a difference.
  4. The bigger number is called subtrahend.
  5. The smaller number is called the minuend. It is the number that is subtracted from the subtrahend.

Example:
4+3 =7
7 is called the sum.
4 and 3 are called the addends.

Example:
7-3 = 4
4 is the difference
7 is called the subtrahend
3 is called the minuend


Directions: Answer the following questions. Also write at least 5 examples of your own for sums and difference.
Q 1: When you add numbers together, the answer you get is called the ____.
difference
addends
sum

Q 2: 2 + 3 + 5 = 10
What are the addends here?
3, 5 and 10
2, 3 and 10
5 and 10
2, 3 and 5

Q 3: In the addition sentence 2 + 2 = 4, the numbers 2 and 2 are
addends
differences
sums

Q 4: 8 - 4 and 4 + 8 are
sums
related facts
differences

Q 5: 17 - 9 = 8 is a
subtraction word problem
subtraction sentence
pattern

Q 6: The best way to solve a word problem is to use a
subtraction sentence
addition sentence
plan

Q 7: The following statements show a ____.
15 - 9 = 6
16 - 9 = 7
17 - 9 = 8
sum
pattern
addition

Q 8: In the subtraction sentence 15 - 9 = 6, the 6 is the
sum
difference
quotient

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Question 10: This question is available to subscribers only!


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