DEPENDENT AND INDEPENDENT CLAUSESAn Independent Clause contains a subject and predicate, and expresses a complete thought:
Example: Joey rode the bus.
A Dependent Clause, also called a fragment, contains a subject and predicate, but does NOT express a complete thought:
Example: When Joey rode the bus.
COMPOUND SENTENCESTwo Independent Clauses can be joined together to make a Compound Sentence. A common error when joining two independent clauses is the comma splice.
Example: Joey rode the bus, Tom took the train.
We need to add a coordinating conjunction (for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so), a conjunctive adverb (however, therefore), or a semicolon to fix this error:
Example: Joey rode the bus, but Tom took the train. (coordinating conjunction)
Another way to fix this error is to make each independent clause a complete sentence
Example: Joey rode the bus. Tom took the train.
COMPLEX SENTENCESA complex sentence has a dependent clause (headed by a subordinating conjunction, i.e. while, although, because, whereas, since, as, though) connected to an independent clause.
Example: While Joey rode the bus, Tom took the train.
COMPOUND-COMPLEX SENTENCESA compound-complex sentences has two independent clauses connected to one (or more) dependent clauses.
Example: While Joey rides the bus, Tom rides the train, and Bob likes to walk.
Directions: Correct the following sentences by choosing the best answer. Write which convention you used in each correction (coordinating conjunction, semicolon, subordinating conjunction, or conjunctive adverb), and what kind of sentence it is (compound, complex, or compound/complex). Write three more example sentences for each type of sentence: compound, complex, or compound-complex.