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Online Quiz (Worksheet A B C D)

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American History
4.4 Captain Robert Gray

Not long after the war of the Revolution had come to an end some merchants of Boston sent out two vessels to Vancouver Island, on the northwest coast of America. The names of the vessels were the Columbia and the Lady Washington, and they sailed round Cape Horn into the Pacific. Captain Robert Gray went out as commander of one of these vessels. He was born in Rhode Island and he had fought in one of our war-ships in the Revolution. Captain Gray was sent out by the Boston merchants to buy furs from the Indians on the Pacific coast. He had no difficulty in getting all he wanted, for the savages were glad to sell them for very little. In one case a chief let the captain have two hundred sea-otter skins such as are used for ladies' sacks, and which were worth about eight thousand dollars, for an old iron chisel. After getting a valuable cargo of furs, Captain Gray sailed in the Columbia for China, where he bought a quantity of tea. He then went to the south, round the Cape of Good Hope, and keeping on toward the west he reached Boston in the summer of 1790. He had been gone about three years, and he was the first man who carried the American flag clear round the globe.

Captain Gray did not stay long at Boston, for he sailed again that autumn in the Columbia for the Pacific coast, to buy more furs. He stayed on that coast a long time. In the spring of 1792 he entered a great river and sailed up it a distance of nearly thirty miles. He seems to have been the first white man who had ever actually entered it. He named the vast stream the Columbia River, from the name of his vessel. It is the largest American river which empties into the Pacific Ocean south of Alaska. Captain Gray returned to Boston and gave an account of his voyage of exploration; this led Congress to claim the country through which the Columbia flows as part of the United States. After Captain Gray had been dead for forty years we came into possession, in 1846, of the immense territory then called the Oregon Country. It was through what he had done that we got our first claim to that country which now forms the states of Oregon and Washington.

Directions: Answer the following multiple choice questions. Also, answer the following questions on a sheet of paper:
  1. Write on Captain Robert Gray's first voyage on the Pacific coast
  2. Why did the Congress claim the country Oregon

Q 1: The part of Vacouver is seen in -------------
North of Port Land
North of Tiverton
North of Rhode Island

Q 2: According to the passage which is largest river?
the Columbia
the Yakon river
the Amazon

Q 3: Name the two states of Oregon country?
States of Boston and Richmond
States of New York and Philadelphia
States of Oregon and Washington

Q 4: Where does the Columbia join the sea?
It joins the Pacific South of Cowpens
It joins the Pacific South of Rhode Island
It joins the Pacific South of Alaska

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