High School Mathematics - 2 4.10 Introduction to Functions

Function Definition:
A function is a relation that has exactly one "output" for every "input".

Consider two sets A and B to form the Cartesian product. This Cartesian product forms the relations. Among these relations we select those relations that satisfy the condition - every element on A is related to only one element in set B.
When a relation satisfies this rule we call it function.

Function: Any relation on A x B in which in which every element in set A has a corresponding element on set B.
It is denoted as f: A ->B or f: x -> f(x) or y = f(x) where y is a function of x.
First element is also called domain, abscissa, preimage or the first component.
Second element is also called range, ordinate, image or second component.
A function can be represented by arrow diagram, set-builder notation, Cartesian form.

Representation of a function
Arrow Diagram

Domain = {1,2,3,4}
Range = {D,B,C,A}

Set-builder Notation
f = {(x,y)ly = 3x+5} Cartesian Form
f = {(1,2), (2,3), (4,5)}

Directions: Solve the following problems. Also write at least 5 examples of your own.