|Our earth has many different environments, varying in temperature, moisture, light, and many other factors. Each of these habitats has distinct life forms living in it, forming complex communities of interdependent organisms. An ecosystems spread over a large geographical area is called a biome.
Some of the biomes on earth include:
- Desert - very dry, either hot or cold
- Tundra - cool, treeless, and dry. The permanently frozen soil layer is called permafrost.
- Scrub - coastal area with hot, dry summers and mild, cool, rainy winters
- Taiga or Coniferous Forest - cool and dry, with coniferous trees
- Temperate Deciduous Forest - cool and rainy, with deciduous trees
- Grassland - Windy, partly dry sea of grass with few trees, including tropical savanna, prairie, steppe, pampas, etc.
- Mountain Biomes - there are a lot of different mountainous biomes, from grasslands at low altitudes, taiga (coniferous forests) below the treeline, and alpine (the same as tundra)
- Temperate Rain Forest - cool and wet
- Tropical Rain Forest - warm and very wet
- Wetlands - there are many types of wetlands, including swamps, marshes, moors, bogs, fens, sloughs, etc. These have nutrient rich soil.
- Freshwater Marsh - a wetland located near streams, rivers and lakes
- Marine (ocean or sea)
Directions: Answer the following questions.