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Grade 5 - Mathematics
5.1 Fraction Terms

  • Fraction is :
    1. Part of a whole; or
    2. Part of a collection or group of objects.
  • 5/12 is a fraction. We read it as five - twelfths.
  • 12 stands for the number of equal parts into which the whole has been divided.
  • 5 stands for the number of equal parts which have been taken out.
  • The number on top of the fraction 5 is the numerator and the number below 12 is called denominator.
  • A fraction can be expressed as a division and vice-versa.
  • Proper Fractions: e.g. 2/3 (numerator smaller than the denominator)
  • Improper Fractions: e.g. 3/2 (numerator greater than the denominator)
  • Mixed Fractions: e.g. 2. 3/2 (whole number together with a fraction)
  • Like Fractions: e.g. 1/2, 3/2 (fractions with same denominators are called like fractions.
  • Unlike Fractions:e.g. 1/4, 2/7 (fractions with different denominators are called unlike fractions.
  • Unit Fractions:e.g. 1/4, 1/7, 1/12 (fractions with numberator = 1 are called unit fractions.

Directions: Answer the following questions. Also write at least 5 examples of each type of fractions.
Q 1: The bottom number of a fraction is called
determine
detective
denominator

Q 2: Any number that divides evenly into another number is called
faction
factor
fraction

Q 3: Which of the following is an improper fraction?
4/5
13/6
2/3
9/12

Q 4: What is the symbol that separates the numerator and denominator called?
fragment
fracture
fraction bar

Q 5: Fractions with different denominators are called ______ fractions.
equivalent
mixed
like
unlike

Q 6: Fractions with the same denominator are called ______ fractions.
mixed
improper
like
unlike

Q 7: What is the top number of a fraction called?
denominator
numeration
numerator
numismatics

Q 8: The set of numbers that includes zero and all of the natural numbers are ____.
whole numbers
whole notes
whole lot
whole set

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Question 10: This question is available to subscribers only!


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