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Grade 4 - Mathematics
8.1 Fraction Terms

  • Fraction is :
    1. Part of a whole; or
    2. Part of a collection or group of objects.
  • 5/12 is a fraction. We read it as five - twelfths.
  • 12 stands for the number of equal parts into which the whole has been divided.
  • 5 stands for the number of equal parts which have been taken out.
  • The number on top of the fraction 5 is the numerator and the number below 12 is called denominator.
  • A fraction can be expressed as a division and vice-versa.
  • Proper Fractions: e.g. 2/3 (numerator smaller than the denominator)
  • Improper Fractions: e.g. 3/2 (numerator greater than the denominator)
  • Mixed Fractions: e.g. 2. 3/2 (whole number together with a fraction)
  • Like Fractions: e.g. 1/2, 3/2 (fractions with same denominators are called like fractions.
  • Unlike Fractions:e.g. 1/4, 2/7 (fractions with different denominators are called unlike fractions.
  • Unit Fractions:e.g. 1/4, 1/7, 1/12 (fractions with numberator = 1 are called unit fractions.

Directions: Answer the following questions. Also write at least 5 examples of each type of fractions.
Q 1: The set of numbers that includes zero and all of the natural numbers are ____.
whole set
whole notes
whole numbers
whole lot

Q 2: Which of the following is an improper fraction?

Q 3: What is the largest factor that two numbers have in common?

Q 4: Fractions with different denominators are called ______ fractions.

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Question 6: This question is available to subscribers only!

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